and British refusal to negotiate with terrorists, and Europe and the Persian Gulf increasing willingness to pay ransoms in a desperate attempt to free citizens. The dilemma: How to save the lives of captives without financing terror groups and encouraging more kidnappings.
Foley captors, the Islamic State militants, had for months demanded $132.5 million (100 million euros) from his parents and political concessions from Washington. They got neither, and the 40 year old freelance journalist from New Hampshire was savagely beheaded within the last week inside Syria, where he had been held since his disappearance in November 2012.
At least three Americans are still being held in Syria. Two of them are believed to have been kidnapped by the Islamic State. The third, freelance journalist Austin Tice, disappeared in Syria in August 2012 and is believed to be in the custody of government forces in Syria. The demand to the families of each hostage came only once, late last year.
Foley Case Lays Bare Debate over Paying Ransom
The Treasury Department has estimated at least $140 million worth of ransoms have been paid to al Qaida and other terror groups in Africa and the Mideast since 2004.
Diplomats say ransoms paid or arranged by western European governments and the Gulf state of Qatar have provided the bulk of financial support for violent groups. and Britain as well as some north African states to push a campaign discouraging ransom payments. Security Council resolution appealing to governments not to pay ransom to terror groups. and British pressure. and British officials say it not clear to what extent allied governments are abiding by those pledges.
"We do not make concessions to terrorists," Harf told reporters. "We do not pay ransoms."
Islamic State militants also demanded $132.5 million for two other American hostages they are holding in Syria, a person close to the situation said late Thursday. airstrikes, as of Thursday, that have been launched against Islamic State militants in northern Iraq since Aug. 8. But the ransom demands began late last year, even before the Islamic State one of the world most financially thriving extremist groups had begun its brutal march across Nike Kyrie Irving Basketball Shoes much of western and northern Iraq.
"You may get that person back that time, but what you done is put a price tag on the head of every American overseas," he said. "And you advertised that we pay to get Americans back."
Rather than pay ransoms, the United States often tries to rescue its hostages with covert military teams trained to raid extremist camps. intelligence, for example. hostages being held by the Islamic State in Syria. special forces engaged in a firefight with the Islamic State, and killed several militants, but did not find any American hostages at the unspecified location.
By paying ransoms, governments in the Mideast and Europe have become some of the biggest financiers of terror groups. and Britain are in the thankless position of putting their own citizens at a disadvantage.
most hardened fighters of the war against terror.
He said government paid ransoms help create "a growing cottage industry in kidnap ransoms."
But prosecution in those types of cases is rare and enforced haphazardly. government threatened to prosecute a family for paying a ransom," said Clinton Van Zandt, the FBI former chief hostage negotiator.
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"They don need to do this for money," said Matthew Levitt, a counter terror expert at the Washington Institute think tank. "When you ask for $132 million, for the release of one person, that suggests that you either trying to make a point . for Foley release, including changes in American policy and posture in the Mideast.
"The United States government believes very strongly that paying ransom to terrorists Nike Kyrie Grade School
The Islamic State "is at a point of evolution in its goal toward brutal total war" against the West, said Fernando Carvajal, an expert on al Qaida in the Middle East and north Africa at Britain University of Exeter. "It doesn need to kidnap for ransom."
At the State Department, deputy spokeswoman Marie Harf said the militancy which controls a swath of land across northern Syria and Iraq has collected millions of dollars in ransoms so far this year alone.
The USA Patriot Act prohibits any payment or assistance to terror groups that could boost their support. The families of three Americans held by a rebel group in Colombia for five years, for example, were repeatedly advised against sending even medication and sneakers to the hostages to avoid potentially breaking the law.
France and Qatar are most often identified as governments that frequently pay or arrange ransoms usually to free European nationals. But France has denied doing so, as have Germany, Italy and the Nordic counties of Denmark, Norway and Sweden. All are accused by security experts, diplomats and others of having paid ransoms in some cases.
Qatar typically refuses to comment on the issue of ransoms, and Spain has neither confirmed nor denied that it pays terrorists for hostages release. did just that earlier this year in securing the release of American Sgt. Bowe Bergdahl from the Taliban. detention center at Guantanamo Bay including some whom critics called Nike Zoom Hyperdunk 2016 Low
gives them a tool in the form of financing that helps them propagate what they doing," she said.
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